Her mother states that the patient has had 5 days of low-grade fevers, malaise, and a sore throat. This morning she appeared more ill, with temperature of 39.4°C (103°F), a severe sore throat, and neck pain, and she does not want to open her mouth. Physical exam is notable for unilateral left-sided tonsillar swelling, uvular deviation to the right, and trismus.
Based on this history and physical exam, the most likely diagnosis is:
A. Viral upper respiratory infection.
C. Peritonsillar abscess.
D. Strep throat.
The correct answer is “C.” Classic physical exam findings for a peritonsillar abscess include severe sore throat, unilateral tonsillar swelling, trismus, and deviation of the uvula away from the affected side. Patients may also present with fever, drooling, odynophagia, and a muffled or “hot potato” voice. Hot potato voice is a buzz word for this infection. It is usually seen in older children and adolescents after an antecedent infection such as tonsillitis (option “E”), strep throat (option “D”) or a viral URI (option “A”). The physical exam is not consistent with sinusitis (option “B”).