Abnormal Pap Smear

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Jul 23, 2018
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Abnormal Pap smear. The pink and blue objects are squamous epithelial cells; abnormalities include the doubling of the nuclei and a clear area around them. Most abnormal smears in young women are due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection; when persistent, it is considered an important factor in the development of cancer of the cervix.

Read more about human papillomavirus (HPV) and abnormal pap smears:

Sherris Medical Microbiology, 7e > Chapter 19. Papilloma and Polyoma Viruses > Papillomavirus Disease

CURRENT Diagnosis and Treatment Pediatrics: Chapter 10. Immunization > Human Papillomavirus Vaccination

Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 20e: Chapter 193. Human Papillomavirus Infections Williams Obstetrics, 25e: Chapter 65. Sexually Transmitted Infections > Human Papillomavirus


Go to the profile of Melanie Allison

Melanie Allison

Senior Medical Editorial Specialist, McGraw-Hill Education

Melanie Allison is a Senior Medical Editorial Specialist with McGraw-Hill Education. She earned her Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree and Post-Master’s Certificate in Nursing Education from The Johns Hopkins University. She earned her Master’s of Science in Nursing degree (MSN), specializing as an acute care nurse practitioner (ACNP), from Vanderbilt University. Melanie has more than 20 years of experience as a registered nurse and nurse practitioner in adult cardiology. She is an adjunct faculty member at a top school of nursing, where she has taught for more than 13 years.

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