Scenario: A 17-year-old female is studying long nights for college entrance examinations. She is not involved in any other activities presently, but rather spends all of her spare time on the computer reading or studying. After about 2 hours of studying she notices a tight feeling at the base of her skull and a dull headache pain. Over the next 30 to 45 minutes the pain intensifies and she has to lie down to get any relief. The frequency of these headaches has increased over the past 2 months making it increasingly more difficult to study for her examinations. This is causing her a great deal of anxiety. During the interview with this client, the physical therapist notes that she has a forward head and rounded shoulders.
Question: What muscles would the physical therapist want to prioritize to work towards repairing the patient’s forward head posture and rounded shoulders, which contribute to the myogenic headaches?
A. Pectoralis muscles, periscapular muscles, deep neck flexors.
B. Pectoralis muscles, deep neck extensors, trapezius
C. Periscapular muscles, spinal extensors, rhomboids
D. Deep neck flexors, spinal flexors, trapezius
Answer with rationale: A. pectoralis muscles, periscapular muscles, deep neck flexors. Tight pectoralis muscles and weak periscapular muscles contribute to rounded shoulders, while weak deep neck flexors contribute to forward head posture.
For more information see Chapter 108: Myogenic Headache in The Color Atlas of Physical Therapy