The correct answer is 2 – Deep vein thrombosis. The Virchow triad, also known as the triad of Virchow, describes the three main factors contributing to blood clots (thrombi) in the veins. The triad consists of the following three elements:
- Endothelial damage: This refers to any injury or damage to the inner lining of the blood vessels (endothelium).
- Stasis or blood flow alteration: This refers to a change in blood flow that can lead to blood stasis or slowing down blood flow.
- Hypercoagulability: This refers to an increased tendency for the blood to form clots.
The other 3 choices have no connection to a Virchow triad.